RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA (Early Melnik grape)- THE PEARL OF THE BULGARIAN GRAPE VARIETIES

RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA is a Bulgarian grape variety with a great potential and a strange story. In 1963, the team of research assistants, headed by Prof. Yane Atanasov, made a series of mixes of the famous Bulgarian SHIROKA MELNISHKA LOZA with pollen from several French varieties in the experimental search of precocious variety that would retain the characteristics of the traditional SHIROKA MELNISHKA LOZA plus a major breakthrough was made as the technological maturity of the grapes was made possible to be reached earlier. It is known that even with the impressive characteristics of wine SHIROKA MELNISHKA LOZA, especially after the abandonment of farming cup-shaped formations and the introduction of higher formations Moser, a persistent problem with maturation existed. As it is a late ripening sort (physiological maturity occurs in the first half of October) and although Melnik microregion is the warmest and dry region in the country with high temperature sum of the vegetation period, the grapes practically never manage to accumulate enough sugars-the sweetness is not sufficient. It is not known whether the creative team was looking for the crossing of the French sorts and why it chose not so popular even in its homeland varieties, and Juranson, Valdigie (the others being Dyurif and Cabernet Sauvignon). As a result of the experiments appeared completely new varieties that for many years have been perceived as quite mistaken hybrids. They have totally different botanical description and agro-biological characteristics from their parents and do not fit the definition of hybrids. In 1977 by the orders of MZHP they have been approved as new sorts of Red Wine Melnik 82 and Melnik 55 and in 1980 Melnishki Rubin. They are spread on the Melnik region, and with them were created limited vineyards in Southwestern Bulgaria. For a number of reasons these varieties have not been interesting for the Bulgarian wineries. All of them, together with the parent variety are called by the common name Melnik and thus promoted and sold all over the world. Nobody is interested in them alone to separately vinificate them and study their potential as unique, new varieties and they have been completely ignored and forgotten ... until 1999, when RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA (Early Melnik grape) (it's official name, which was approved to be Melnik 55) was first fermented by a professional oenologist (Stoycho Stoev) in a Bulgarian winery.


  "The wine, which I made then was interesting, rich and very different from other sorts. It revealed attractive and unexpected nuances. The flavor was strong and thick. But with the new wine born, the battle with conservatism began. Even the classic SHIROKA MELNISHKA LOZA was an unknown concept for the Bulgarian oenologists, and they tried to deny its existence. For prominent Bulgarian experts who knew the world's sorts as their own children, RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA (Early Melnik grape)was just the same thing as Shiroka Melnishka Loza, Melnik 82 ot Melnik 1300 and all they recognized was the word Melnik in its name. But still this wine and subsequent harvests managed to reveale the uniqueness of its flavors and aromas, and the high potential of the sort. Firstly, the international recognition of the wines of this sort had to come, and only then its existence was recognized in our country. No sooner than 2006 the wines from RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA were included as a separate sort in the NLVK of Winery. ", remembers Oenologist S. Stoev.


RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA is created by the crossing of Shiroka Melnishka Loza with grape varieties Dyurif, Juranson ang Valdigie. Genetic testing at the beginning of the century prooved that the second parent is actually Valdigie. It is grown only in the region of Sandanski and Katuntsi. The sort has mid-ripeness. The period from budding to the technological maturity is 162 days. Grapes are well-ripened normally about 20-25 September. Vines of the grape variety RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA are growing strongly, with good fertility and harvest. Formations suitable for cultivation is Gyuyo in which variety gives an average yield of 3.63 kilograms vine and per hectare, about 1500 kg. For the production of quality wines, however, these yields must be reduced. The sort is suitable for humus-carbonate soils with light mechanical composition, sandy or clayey, warmer soils. Relatively resistant to low winter temperatures. Vines are susceptible to mildew and oidium. Grapes are virtually resistant to gray mildew. To avoid overloading the vines need pruning. The leaf is five-sectioned, medium-sized, the grapes autumnal color is dark red. Bunch is medium (14.88/7.85), or cylindrical-conical wings with one wing, semi-compact to compact. Grain average wholesale oval (15.03/14.3 mm), juicy. Skin is thick, dark blue with dots. In one grain is 2-3 pips. The average weight of 1.96, the grain is in a controlled breeding and reasonable yield 2.3-2-6 kg per vine. In technological maturity, the grapes accumulate 24-25% of sugars in 6-6,3 grammes/litre titratable acidity and pH 3.4-3.6. The first wine of this sort shows its unique character and great potential. However, it is infinitely harder to convince the Bulgarian oenologists of technological and managerial level, that this variety exists and is infinitely different from the SHIROKA MELNISHKA LOZA. But with every new vintage, the new wine market shows that the wine out of RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA (Early Melnik grape)is one of the pearls of the Bulgarian wine making industry. Improving the formations and the cultivation of vineyards, the right choice of site for planting, controlled extraction technology selection and good work are part of the necessary conditions for the RANNA MELNISHKA LOZA (Early Melnik grape)to create great, noble wines.

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